MEASURES ESTABLISHED BY E.U. MEMBER STATES TO PREVENT THE SPREAD OF COVID-19

Chapter I Measures taken by the European institutions regarding the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic   Introduction/Context Covid-19 represents an infectious disease caused by the most recently discovered virus (SARS-CoV-2 virus), initially identified in China at the end of December, after an abnormal increase of the people who got a fever and needed medical care regarding the complications occurred, covering in particular the respiratory tract. At the level of the European Union, no later than October 15, 2020, were recorded 4.8 million cases of Covid-19 illnesses, of which over 200.000 people died. The European Union, in particular, is experiencing massive increases of illness, even in states with a small population such as the Netherlands or Belgium. Public Health is a shared competence of the European Union and the Member States, which means that, according to the regulatory framework, the EU can complement the national policies of the member states, but does not have the required prerogatives to take decisions in the name of all and cannot impose its point of view on a supranational level.   Recommendations and actions of European Union bodies World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that avoiding the transmission of the virus should represent a priority. Furthermore, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) has also published more materials regarding social distancing theme and associated recommendations in which were included several considerations to be taken into account in the implementation of measures at the Member State level: social and political issues, human rights and proportionality of response, risk communication among the population, support for vulnerable people and groups, combating stigma (in particular for people...

THE AMENDMENTS BROUGHT BY LAW NO. 268/2020 ON THE ADOPTION PROCEDURE

Law 268/2020 completed and modified the Law no. 273/2004 regarding the adoption procedure.   Thus, we mention the most important changes: The periods in which children remain in the adoption system become shorter; Children up to the age of majority can be adopted; The certificate of adopter is extended from 2 years to 5 years. Its validity is extended by law until the approval of the adoption in the situation in which the request for approval of the adoption of the child in foster care for at least 6 months has been submitted to the court; The child’s biological relatives are searched only once and only up to and including the third degree, thus shortening the period in which a child stays in the protection system; If the adopter or adoptive family belongs to national minorities, the assessment and preparation may be carried out, on request, in the language of that national...

THE AMENDMENTS BROUGHT BY LAW NO. 268/2020 ON THE ADOPTION PROCEDURE

Law 268/2020 completed and modified the Law no. 273/2004 regarding the adoption procedure.  Thus, we mention the most important changes: The periods in which children remain in the adoption system become shorter; Children up to the age of majority can be adopted; The certificate of adopter is extended from 2 years to 5 years. Its validity is extended by law until the approval of the adoption in the situation in which the request for approval of the adoption of the child in foster care for at least 6 months has been submitted to the court; The child’s biological relatives are searched only once and only up to and including the third degree, thus shortening the period in which a child stays in the protection system; If the adopter or adoptive family belongs to national minorities, the assessment and preparation may be carried out, on request, in the language of that national...

Economic operators no longer have the obligation to declare to the fiscal bodies the commercial and commission additions-brief comment regarding the changes brought by the Law no. 222/2020

Economic operators no longer have the obligation to declare to the fiscal bodies the commercial and commission additions-brief comment regarding the changes brought by the Law no. 222/2020 Law no. 222/2020  adopted on October 30 2020 is a legislative act whose main grounds are the elimination of bureucracy regarding commercial addition, therefore is hereby repealed the Law no. 12/1990 concerning the protection of the population against some production, trade activities or provision of illicit services and, as well, adds and modifies two articles from O.G no. 21/ 1992 concerning consumer protection. The aim of this legislative act was to eliminate the obligation of economic operators to declare to the fiscal bodies the commercial and comission additions applied whereas it was an unnecessary form of bureaucracy that led to the penalization of the operators by the application of fines, although there wasn’t no prejudice or an injury of interest. It was found that art. 1 point f) of the Law 12/1990 (the norm regarding the declaration of the addition) has survived since Romania’s transition period from the Socialist economy to a market economy, back when the state still controlled the price formation, and the commercial addition was an important element concerning the prices formation in that transitional regime and that, currently, can’t no longer be applied due to the fact that traders are no longer required to have a certain maximum addition level, whereas are free to determine the prices at any level would correspond to market’s supply and demand. Taking into account that could be declared any level of commercial addition, that this concept was no longer necessary in...

Privacy Policy Settings